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European History: First Civilizations

Includes primary and secondary sources for the time periods and geographic locations covered by European History I (EUH 1000) and European History II (EUH 1001).

Primary Sources

Websites

Books

Art

Cuneiform tablet: Old Babylonian balag to the mother goddess Aruru

Image courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art

Human-headed winged lion (lamassu)

Image courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art