The American Library Association has issued a statement on Fair Use and Emergency Remote Teaching & Research in response to the need created by the pandemic for remote access in education.
U.S. Copyright law covers original works for defined periods of time. It provides copyright holders, including authors and publishers, the right to publish, distribute, and sell works of literature, art, music, and film in print or electronic formats. Authors and publishers generally retain the right to control how their work is used, with some exceptions for Fair Use by students, educators and researchers.
Copyright protections cover the following categories:
Law enforcement agencies don't actively seek out copyright infringement to prosecute, but rights holders are often on the lookout for individuals or groups violating their copyright. Copyright holders may seek damages in court if materials are used without their permission. A high profile example is the $600 million lawsuit filed by a technology company against the U.S. Navy.
Penalties for violating copyright include:
Since faculty select the materials they use for classes, they are responsible for damages related to copyright violations, not the college.